If anyone has any other current articles, references on Fascism and would like to share them please email them to me
Here are 2 points of view Paxton and Reich
Good points in both
I lean toward Reich’s view and think that while Paxton is a Fascism Scholar, he underestimates what is going on with Trump, his inner circle and followers and falls into the American trap (see DN interview) of looking for brown/black shirts and Swatikas
Paxton’s DN interview yesterday
Part 2 of interview:
Jan 7, 2016 Is Fascism Back? Robert Paxton
Robert Paxton’s 5 stages of Fascism:
- Intellectual exploration, where disillusionment with popular democracy manifests itself in discussions of lost national vigor
- Rooting, where a fascist movement, aided by political deadlock and polarization, becomes a player on the national stage
- Arrival to power, where conservatives seeking to control rising leftist opposition invite the movement to share power
- Exercise of power, where the movement and its charismatic leader control the state in balance with state institutions such as the police and traditional elites such as the clergy and business magnates.
- Radicalization or entropy, where the state either becomes increasingly radical, as did Nazi Germany, or slips into traditional authoritarian rule, as did Fascist Italy.
2004 Anatomy of Fascism by Paxton:
"Fascism may be defined as a form of political behavior marked by obsessive preoccupation with community decline, humiliation, or victim-hood and by compensatory cults of unity, energy, and purity, in which a mass-based party of committed nationalist militants, working in uneasy but effective collaboration with traditional elites, abandons democratic liberties and pursues with redemptive violence and without ethical or legal restraints goals of internal cleansing and external expansion."